Performance Arts vs. Performing Arts – What You Should Know?
The terms “Performance Arts” and “Performing Arts” sound similar and many people still confuse between both of these phrases. Hence, they use these terms interchangeably. If we look further, they are two different things. The differences and similarities often confuse and make the distinction complex. Are there any similarities or what are the functional, intentional or important definitions?
What is Performance Art?
Performance art is performed by an artist or other participants. It may be performed through documentation, live performance, written, or spontaneously in front of the public in the context of Fine Arts. It has its own genre over the years. There are four important elements of performance art – artist’s presence, space, body, and the bond between the public and the creator.
What is Performing Art?
The performing art is performed for the audience in the form of dance, music, and drama. It consists of several disciplines to be performed in theatre, dance and music in front of the audience.
Performing Arts vs. Performance Arts
Performing Arts usually consists of music, dancing, and acting. It includes conventional performance and conservatories. On the other side, performance arts is rooted from the art school and it usually takes places in found spaces, galleries and in the given locations.
Performance art is based on concept while performing art is based on skills. Performance artists are highly skilled because performing artists work as per the concepts. The message is served to the audience by performers in the performing arts but the art is the message and performer itself in performance art.
The performance artist is usually at the given location to perform instead of an environment, while a performing artist usually performs in an opera house, a theatre, or a concert hall.
Musicians, actors, and dancers are skilled professionals and are backed by third parties. On the other side, a performance artist is usually the performer, creator, and performance himself.
Performance art expects and asks the spectators, audience, or viewers to engage with the artist like Fine Arts. But the performing artists barely interact with the audience.
Performing arts tell stories and are narrative naturally, but performance art is completely non-narrative. Artists can also do the storytelling in performance arts but they choose different methods to tell these stories.
Performance art is usually based on an artist but it can be collaborative. On the other side, performing arts rely on collaboration. Sometimes, performing art can be based on solo performance, especially when a writer acts and stages their creation.
In performance art, the artist represents something else. However, performing artists usually represent themselves. As an actor, you might be expected to be yourself (with some restrictions and limitations). Performance artists don’t want to look like fictional characters most of the time, while performing artists want to be perceived as characters.